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3 Most Innovative Applications of FSI in Biomechanical Systems

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Fluid-Structure Interaction or FSI is a complex phenomenon involving the interaction of fluid flow with the structure, causing it to deform. While it is often very difficult to solve such problems analytically, they are usually solved using experiments and numerical simulations. Thankfully, the research advancements in the field of computational fluid dynamics and structural dynamics have led to the possibility of solving FSI problems more precisely.

In everyday life, there are numerous physical examples that involve fluid-solid interaction. The best example could be an automobile air bag, which undergoes deformation when interacts with the passenger head. Too much deformation is obviously not required in this case, as it may lead to injury.

Apart from the airbags, FSI can be observed in many mechanical applications such as tire hydroplaning, aerodynamic flutter, sloshing, etc. Although, these problems have been widely addressed using modern solver capabilities, its application in the field of biomechanical systems is what seems to be more interesting. Human body itself consists of parts that involve fluid-structure interaction, and applying simulation technology to study these parts opens a new set of opportunities for the medical industry.

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Mehul Patel

About Author: Mehul Patel specializes in handling CFD projects for Automobile, Aerospace, Oil and Gas and building HVAC sectors. He works as a CFD consultant with Hi-Tech CFD for the past 5 years and has successfully executed numerous CFD projects of high complexities. He is an expert in turbo-machinery, gas dynamics, Combustion, Fluid Dynamics, multiphase flow analysis, computational fluid dynamics etc.